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What do we do if there are no Friday prayers in the mosque?
In the event of mosques closing or not being able to accommodate large numbers of people, it is permissible to miss the Friday prayer and offer Ẓuhr at home in its usual manner of four rak‘ahs.
Can we establish a Friday prayer elsewhere?
Jumu‘ah prayers should normally be offered in the mosque or where there is a large gathering of Muslims who cannot make it to the mosque, such as in universities, prisons etc. It is permissible to establish Friday prayers in these places if it is safe to do so. However, in the event of suspension of jumu’ah prayers in mosques due to social distancing measures, this would apply to all such gatherings, irrespective of the location. The alternative in this case is to offer Ẓuhr prayer.
How many people do we need to pray Jumu‘a?
The minimum number of people required for this is a matter of difference of opinion amongst jurists. The position of a minimum of three is the strongest of those views, and Allah knows best.
Can we follow Friday prayers online by having it live streamed?
This is not permissible. When praying, the rows should be reasonably close together. In the case of streaming, people are spread out over a large distance and far from the mosque. It is however fine to listen to a live stream of a sermon if there are some mosques doing so, but you would not pray with them, instead offering your own Ẓuhr prayer.
Do the other Sunnahs of Friday continue?
The general sunnahs of Friday continue. These include reading Sūrah al-Kahf, sending ṣalāt upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and especially making du‘a.
Which Sunnahs do not continue?
Some of the sunnahs are connected to the Friday prayer and are therefore no longer applicable when this prayer is not being offered. These sunnahs are bathing, wearing clean clothes and perfuming oneself.